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What to do if your loved one has dementia

Caring for a loved one with dementia poses many challenges for families and caregivers. People with dementia from conditions such as Alzheimer’s and related diseases have a progressive biological brain disorder that makes it more and more difficult for them to remember things, think clearly, communicate with others, and take care of themselves. In addition, dementia can cause mood swings and even change a person’s personality and behaviour. This fact sheet provides some practical strategies for dealing with the troubling behaviour problems and communication difficulties often encountered when caring for a person with dementia.

Five Tips for Communicating with a Person with Dementia


  • Set a positive mood for interaction
  • Get the person’s attention
  • State your message clearly
  • Ask simple, answerable questions
  • Listen with your ears, eyes, and heart